Bamboo flutes and their melody from the East

When you go to the Music Museum inside the Temple of Heaven in Beijing you find an interesting collection of flutes behind glass. They are made of ceramic, metlas, wood, jade, ivory, bones, clay, bamboo… some of them are so ancient that they are almost completely oxydized. Chinese flute, usually made of bamboo includes: [wikipedia]

  • Dizi (and its varieties such as the bangdi; all transverse flutes, usually made of bamboo)
  • Xiao (end-blown vertical bamboo flute)
  • Gudi, an ancient vertical flute made from the bones of large birds
  • Paixiao (pan pipes)
  • Koudi (a very tiny bamboo flute)
  • Xun (clay ocarina)

Also Indian flutes are bamboo made and  two main varieties of Indian flutes are currently used. The first, the Bansuri, has six finger holes and one blowing hole, and is used predominantly in Hindustani music, the music of Northern India. The second, the Venu or Pullanguzhal, has eight finger holes, and is played predominantly in Carnatic music, the music of Southern India. [wikipedia] An extract of a bansuri concert for you:


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